hsc legal studies

With the Crime section of HSC Legal Studies, it is so crucial that you have a firm understanding of key legislation in order to answer multiple choice questions as well as give evidence in your short answer questions.

Here are some explanations for the most important HSC Legal Studies Legislation in this section!

We’ll cover their relevance, context, as well as how they contribute to the criminal justice system. Without further delay, here is the only list of HSC Legal Studies Legislation for ‘Crime’ you will ever need!

1. The Nature of Crime


Offences against the sovereign

  • National Security Legislation Amendment Bill (No. 1) 2014
    • Was a response to the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security ‘Report of the Inquiry into Potential Reforms of Australia’s National Security Legislation’
    • Amended the ‘Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979’
    • Amongst other things, establishes ASIO’s warrant-based intelligence collection powers and allows ASIS to collect intelligence on Australian persons
  • Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Act 2015
    • Implements recommendations of the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security’s (PJCIS) ‘Report of the Inquiry into Potential Reforms of Australia’s National Security Legislation’
    • Amends the ‘Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979’
    • Requires telecommunications service providers to retain and to secure for two years telecommunications data (not content)
  • Anti-Terrorism Act (No. 2) 2005 (Cth)
    • Designed to control terrorist activity in Australia by (amongst other means):
      • Preventative detention
      • Control orders
      • Restrictions on criticism of the sovereign
      • Police powers to request information
      • Providing funds to a terrorist or terrorist act
      • Charges for ‘hoax offences’

Economic offences

  • Copyright Act 1968 (Cth)
    • Has been amended in the past, but remains active today
    • Outlines what constitutes as copyright, what it can be applied to, who can own it, etc

Drug offences

Driving offences

  • Road Transport Act 2013 (NSW)
    • Determines road rules, licensing, demerit point system, vehicle registration, defective vehicles, written-off vehicles, alcohol and drug-use, speeding, etc
    • Consolidated numerous Road Transport Acts

2. The Criminal Investigation Process

3. Criminal Trial Process

  • Criminal Procedures Amendment (Indictable Offences) Act 1986
    • Splits indictable offences into three categories:
      • Table One offences: summarily (unless prosecution or accused elects to have matter dealt with by judge and jury)
      • Table Two offences: summarily (unless prosecution decides to have offence dealt with by a judge and jury
      • Strictly indictable offences: most serious, must be dealt with by judge and jury
    • Discretion in whether a case is heard summarily or with a jury (Table One and Two)

4. Sentencing and Punishment

5. Young Offenders

6. International Crime

If you’re looking for a more comprehensive listing of important laws in the Crime section (albeit without explanations), click here.

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Sophia Zou completed the HSC all the way back in 2013, however she considers it her mission to help students make the most of their final years at high school. Her interests include political science, Simon and Garfunkel, and pretending to be a tea aficionado. Alongside tutoring at Art of Smart Education, she spends her time playing the piano and studying Government & IR and Languages at the University of Sydney.