The HSC subjects you do are an influencing factor in the mark you ultimately get, so that makes HSC subject selection pretty important right?

Is HSC subject selection as simple as choosing the first 6 subjects that spark your interest, or is there some strategy to it? How do scaling, exam difficulty, future higher education and career prospects affect your choice?

First Things First: English

Everyone must do it, it’s the only 2 units that will definitely count towards your ATAR. The question is should you do Standard or Advanced English?


Click to enlarge

Have a look through the past papers for Standard and Advanced to see the difference and the content you will be tested on for each.

There is also English as a Second Language (ESL), which counts to towards your ATAR, and Fundamentals of English, which does not count towards your ATAR.

Why English?

If you’re reading this and dreading studying any English whatsoever, then you should know that English IS BENEFICIAL. Before you say, ‘of course you would say that, you tutor English’, let me tell you that I was exactly like you. English was my least-favourite subject and I would ask why oh why English was compulsory #hater.

However, I have now realised that English is valuable for your writing, no matter what you end up working as, and helps you give greater meaning to things you would usually overlook. I’m not trying to get all philosophical on you, but my point is: since you have to study English, you may as well appreciate its value now.

What about Your Other Subjects?

Now you have decided about English, the world is your oyster!

Well, not so much the ‘world’, rather the BOSTES HSC Course Description / your school’s subject guide, but if you were anything like me, it sure felt like choosing subjects was my whole world!! Clearly I needed to get a life… which leads me to my first point:

Choosing subjects is NOT the be all and end all! Enjoyment of a subject is essential!

I’m sure you have thought about or asked a question or two… hundred… about which subjects scale better, which have the hardest exams, which are the easiest and most ‘bludgy’ subjects. Pretty soon you’ll be bogged down with all the opinions you receive from your parents, teachers, friends and even yourself!

You’ll start making rash decisions like choosing dance when you can’t even do the macarena, just because you heard it scales better, or it doesn’t have a big exam or because your aunt Judy told you that when she was in school, dance ‘was a breeze’ (disclaimer: there is nothing wrong with dance, it is only used to highlight the silliness of this example).

So which subjects do you choose? Here are some key pointers:

 1. Consider the compulsory unit requirements

In Year 11, the requirement is 12 units – this means you must choose subjects adding to at least 10 units in addition to compulsory 2U English.

In Year 12, the requirement is 10 units – this means you can drop 2 units (generally 1 subject) if you want to. Dropping a subject doesn’t mean you have failed, it just means that you are freeing up your time to focus on your other 10 units.

Should you drop a subject?

Dropping a subjectNot dropping a subject
You have 2 units less work, meaning you have extra time to focus on your other 10 units.You do not have the advantage of extra time.
You are doing the bare minimum, meaning all 10 units will count.You have a ‘backup’ subject, meaning that only your best 10 units will count towards your ATAR, so if you stuff up one subject, it is all good.

I’ve heard a lot of people say you definitely must do 12 units, in case you mess up an exam. I would say it’s entirely up to you. Personally, I saw the benefit of dropping a subject in Year 12 so I could have a whole lot of extra time and it definitely paid off for me. That being said, if you’re going to waste that extra time or free periods watching Netflix or chatting to friends, there is no point!!

2. Write down a list of subjects you 100% want to do

If you know what you what to study/work as when you finish- consider if there are prerequisite subjects or recommended subjects. Then rank these subjects in terms of enjoyment and workload.

3. School subject availability

Check if the subjects on your 100% list are running at your school, because schools do not offer all subjects.

Keep in mind that if you really want to do a subject that is not running at your school, look up if you can study the subject as a VET course at TAFE. VET (Vocational Education and Training) Courses that are Board developed, listed here, still count towards your ATAR.

4. MOST IMPORTANTLY!! Do the subjects you are most interested in

As I’m sure you’ve heard a teacher or some wise soul say, ‘you’ll do the best in a subject you are most interested in’. This advice is gold, because:


Click to enlarge

This is particularly important for when a month before HSC exams, if you are all ‘studied out’, you will be more motivated to study a subject you enjoy. Imagine you got to work at the concert of your favourite singer; you’re going to be a lot more motivated to work compared to if you had to work as the cleaner of an old restaurant. The same applies to subjects you enjoy compared to subjects you don’t enjoy.

Forget about scaling- if you like a subject and do well in it, it doesn’t matter if it is a supposed ‘low-scaling’ subject- you will do well.

Forget about the rumoured difficulty or easiness of the exam- if you enjoy it, then do it- simple, but true.

5. Scaling, scaling, scaling

The most debated, confusing topic when it comes to HSC subjects.

  • My first point still stands- do what you enjoy, regardless of scaling- because ultimately: if you do well both at school and in the HSC, you will do well. Sound obvious? Well it is.
  • Scaling really only matters if you get a low rank or don’t do as well in the HSC- if it’s a subject that scales lower in that year, you may get scaled down, whereas if it’s a higher scaling subject, you may get scaled up. The reason for scaling is because of the varying difficulty levels of subjects and different marking at different schools- basically, to make results fairer across the board.
  • Don’t do a high scaling subject ‘just because’- if you flunk a high scaling subject because you’re not actually interested in it, the likelihood is that you will still get a low mark.
  • If you are sitting on the fence in terms of choosing Advanced or Standard English, or Advanced or General Maths- always go with (or at least start with) the Advanced subjects, because if you are undecided, you may as well go with Advanced, which scales better.
6. Don’t do a subject just because of a friend or teacher!!

We all have that one friend or one teacher who we wish was in or teaching every single one of our classes. Sadly, the reality of that happening is virtually zero, so to simplify this point: choose personal, not people (i.e. choose the subjects best for you, not best in terms of the people in the class- as surprising as it is, you will live without being attached to your bestie all day erryday).

For me, as much as I would like to be, I am just not a science person, so even if I had my bestie in my class and Sir Isaac Newton (yes, raised from the dead) teaching me physics, I would still likely fail the exam.

7. Have backup subjects

It is possible that you won’t be able to do a subject because it clashes with another subject you want to do because they are running at the same time. Just in case this happens, have some backup subjects that you want to do instead. For example, if Biology and PDHPE are running at the same time at your school, you will have to choose which one to study. You will need to choose another subject to reach 10 or 12 units, so having backup subjects (such as Food Tech, in the example) makes this decision easier.

ULTIMATELY: Do the Subjects You are Most Interested In and Enjoy

The title of this post was slightly misleading…sorrynotsorry. The purpose of this article was not to give you a magical list of the best 6 subjects to choose for your HSC subject selection, but rather to drill into your minds to DO WHAT YOU ENJOY – you will NOT regret it.

If you’re reading this thinking, ‘that was a waste of time, I wanted a nice, neat list of the best scaling subjects’, then I’ll leave you with this:

My friend was great at music but loved ancient history and both were running at the same time so she had to choose one. She did music, because people told her to do the one she was getting higher marks in. She ended up going well in music, but didn’t enjoy it and still wishes she did ancient history, even if she probably wouldn’t have gone as well as she did in music.

Moral of the story is that the HSC can be a hard slog, but you’ll be more motivated and enjoy it more (yes it’s possible to enjoy an HSC subject) if you choose: 

text-here-3And if you don’t listen to me, take the advice of the fabulous Queen B:


Good Luck!

Be Prepared with HSC Notes

If you need reliable notes or simply want to check your notes are right, take a look at

Their notes are crafted by the 99+ ATAR Club and provide concise answers to the HSC Syllabus dot points with what you need to know for your exams. Diagrams, mind maps, tables, dot points, paragraphs, sources are included to aid your learning.

With these notes you can spend less time rewriting your textbook and worrying about whether your notes answer the syllabus dot points correctly and spend more time learning and practicing your skills knowing your notes are accurate and concise.

Head on over to HSC-Notes to get your HSC subject notes now

Have a question for us? 

We’ve helped over 2,500 students achieve an average mark increase of 19.41%! Flick us a message on Facebook (, give us a call on 1300 267 888, or email us on

Lauren Lai was keen to move on from anything HSC-related back when she graduated from Cheltenham Girls in 2013. However, after realising so many students go through similar academic, motivational and wider life struggles, she joined Art of Smart Education to share her experience with and encourage current students. Lauren is in her fourth year of Law/Social Research & Policy at UNSW and has a passion for Indigenous rights. Lauren loves Jesus, exploring forests and staring up at the moon for a solid few minutes whenever she gets the chance.